What is a Septic System?

The septic tank serves as a settling basin where solids accumulate and gradually get broken down by bacterial action. Some of the solid waste is actually liquefied by this 'natural bacterial decomposition," however the rest of the waste accumulates in the bottom as a layer of sludge. Additionally, a small percentage of this, waste (mostly [...]

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How Does a Septic System Work?

The population living in metropolitan areas (who have never had the pleasure of maintaining a septic system, or who have never experienced waddling in their leach field, or even had the experience of pumping out their systems) simply flush their toilets and "away go troubles down the drain." Those of us living in more rural [...]

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Design of a Septic System Tank

Although designs vary, most septic tanks consist of a watertight, below ground, the tank that has one or two manhole covers (buried a few inches below ground) to provide access for cleaning and inspection. Effluent from the house flows into the tank through an inlet pipe near the top on one side. It flows out [...]

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Components of Sewage Treatment Systems

A typical household sewage treatment system consists of a house sewer, septic tank, distribution box and absorption field or seepage pit. House Sewer - The pipeline connecting the house and drain and the septic tank. Septic Tank - Untreated liquid household wastes (sewage) will quickly clog your absorption field if not properly treated. The septic [...]

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Maintenance of Your Septic System

Since solids will continue to build up at the bottom of the tank, it is imperative that the "septic tank be pumped out periodically." Remember, sludge is not biodegradable if it's not pumped out, sludge will accumulate until it overflows. The frequency of pumping out will depend primarily on the amount of wastewater that goes [...]

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Treatment of Your Septic System

It is important to get the septic tank cleaned before the sludge level gets high enough so that any of the solid material at the bottom, or the semi-solid scum at the top can flow out into the drainage field. This will quickly clog the drainage pipes and the soil into which they drain. Make [...]

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Local and State Regulations

As communities grow more crowded and awareness of the impact of one home upon another, regulatory authorities have begun to pay more attention to the proper maintenance of each individual property. One factor under scrutiny is the septic system. Rather than leave it up to the homeowner to decide how often to clean and pump [...]

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Potential Hazards

Your septic system does have potential health concerns for you and your family. Accidents due to noxious gases have occurred. Other than the routine maintenance that is described to you by your septic professional, all your additional septic system needs should be discussed with a professional before you attempt to perform them yourself.

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